What you should know if your bank has a Bitcoin exposure.

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On one hand, El Salvador recently became the first nation to officially declare Bitcoin as its legal tender, and on the other, several nations have recently opined that their indigenous banks face a ‘threat’ from the world’s largest crypto-asset. Nevertheless, the rise in the adoption of cryptocurrencies has been accompanied by regulators taking the fast-growing market seriously.

Banks will now be subject to “the toughest” capital requirements for their holdings of Bitcoin and other crypto-assets, as part of global authorities’ measures to mitigate the risk posed by the “volatile” crypto-market.

The Basel Committee on Banking and Supervision is in the news after explicitly stating that the banking industry faced “increased risks” and “financial stability concerns” from crypto-assets, citing money laundering, reputational challenges, and massive price swings as the foundation of their proposal.

Accordingly, they have now placed Bitcoin in the “highest risk” category. The aforementioned committee comprises a host of nations and global institutions as its members.

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The Basel Committee isn’t alone, however, with a Bank of International Settlements exec recently commenting that El Salvador’s Bitcoin policy is an “interesting experiment.”


What’s more, the panel proposed a 1250% risk weight be applied to a bank’s exposure to Bitcoin and certain other cryptocurrencies. Bloomberg’s estimates highlighted,

“In practice that means a bank may need to hold a dollar in capital for each dollar worth of Bitcoin, based on an 8% minimum capital requirement.”

However, stablecoins and other tokens tied to real-world assets are set for lower capital requirements. The report further highlighted,

“The capital will be sufficient to absorb a full write-off of the crypto asset exposures without exposing depositors and other senior creditors of the banks to a loss.”

The plan did not include a timetable for implementation, therefore it is possible that these rules will take several years to implement. The plan, however, is subject to public discussion before it becomes law. It is also worth noting that the committee said that the original policies were “likely to change” multiple times as the market “evolves.”

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Even though banks like HSBC have been cautious about stepping into crypto-trading, a few big names, like Standard Chartered Plc have announced their entry into the space.

As for Bitcoin, it fell by over 3.7% in the last 24 hours to trade at $35,418 at press time.

Source: Coinstats

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